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Postpartum Depression

When a baby comes into your life, it changes upside down, especially for mothers. You do not have enough time to sleep, eat or even take care of yourself, leave alone do leisure activities. That affects your mental well-being. The good news is that the chances are high that you might get set with your new routine. However, it requires time. In that testing time, it is best if you have a supportive family system.

Sometimes mood swings after pregnancy can be mild. But sometimes, they are not just mood swings but the postpartum depression that needs to be taken seriously. Many people do not take it seriously. But that should not happen. If left untreated, it can lead to various complications. Therefore if you feel depressed after giving birth to the baby, you should consult a healthcare provider. To get an expert opinion, you can visit a gynecologist.

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a type of depression that affects new mothers after giving birth to a baby. This disorder is characterized by feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and exhaustion. In this type of disorder, the mother often finds it difficult to bond with the baby. PPD can impact a woman’s ability to care for herself and her baby and can last for several weeks to months if left untreated.

Causes Of Postpartum Depression

The exact cause of postpartum depression is unknown, but the following factors may contribute to its development:

  • Hormonal changes: hormonal changes, such as a decrease in estrogen and progesterone levels, may play a role in the development of PPD.
  • Sleep deprivation: Lack of sleep, a common problem for new mothers, can contribute to feelings of exhaustion, irritability, and depression.
  • Stress: The physical and emotional demands of caring for a new baby can be overwhelming, leading to feelings of stress, anxiety, and depression.
  • History of depression: Women with a history of depression are at increased risk for developing PPD.
  • Life stressors: Other stressors, such as relationship problems, financial stress, or the loss of support from friends and family, can also contribute to PPD.
  • Genetics: A family history of depression may also increase the risk of PPD.

Signs And Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of postpartum depression include:

  • Persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or emptiness
  • Loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities
  • Difficulty bonding with the baby or caring for the baby
  • Feelings of guilt, shame, or inadequacy
  • Withdrawal from family and friends
  • Difficulty sleeping, even when the baby is sleeping
  • Changes in appetite, often leading to significant weight loss or gain
  • Fatigue and decreased energy
  • Thoughts of self-harm or harm to the baby
  • Reduced ability to concentrate or make decisions


Postpartum depression is typically diagnosed through a clinical evaluation, which may include:

  • A thorough medical and psychological history
  • A mental health assessment, including a depression screening tool
  • Discussion of symptoms and how they are affecting daily life
  • Consideration of other potential causes, such as medical conditions or substance use
  • It’s also important to rule out other potential causes of depression, such as thyroid problems or sleep deprivation. A healthcare provider may perform blood tests or other physical exams to determine if there is an underlying medical issue.


Treatment for postpartum depression typically involves a combination of the following approaches:

  • Psychotherapy: Talking therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), can help individuals identify and change negative thought patterns, develop coping skills, and improve overall mood.
  • Antidepressant medication: Antidepressant medication may be prescribed to help regulate mood and alleviate symptoms of depression.
  • Support groups: Support groups can provide a safe and supportive environment where individuals can connect with others who have experienced similar challenges.
  • Lifestyle changes: Practicing self-care, such as exercise, healthy eating, and getting enough sleep, can improve overall mood and well-being.
  • Family and social support: Family and social support can provide encouragement and help with childcare responsibilities, allowing individuals with postpartum depression to focus on their well-being.

The Bottom Line

Coping with postpartum depression can be really challenging. However, you can come out of it by taking appropriate treatment and following the advice of your healthcare provider. You should take it seriously. One should never take their mental health lightly. Therefore if you have any symptoms such as depression, feeling of loneliness, or sadness after the baby’s birth, you should seek expert advice. To get a professional opinion, you can consult a gynecologist in islamabad.