Erhu began in the Tang Dynasty, called “Xi Qin”, and has a history of more than a thousand years. It is a traditional Chinese stringed instrument. Erhu, or Erxian Huqin, is also known as “Nanhu” and “Omzi”. Erhu is one of the main bowed stringed instruments (stringed instruments) in the family of Chinese national musical instruments.
Famous Erhu songs include “Earth Springs Reflected in the Moon”, “Good Night”, “Ting Song”, “Horse Race” and so on. The timbre of Erhu has its own unique characteristics, mellow and soft, beautiful and beautiful. Its musical sound similar to the human voice is more singing and expressive. Due to the structural characteristics of the erhu and the characteristics of the python skin, the timbre of the erhu is variable. There are many factors that can change the tone of the erhu. If you want to listen offline, you can search “Erhu music” on youtube and use flvto youtube to mp3 converter to download it.
Erhu first originated from an ethnic minority in the northern part of ancient China, called “Xi Qin” at that time. Also called Hu Qin
In modern times, Hu Qin changed its name to Erhu. For more than half a century, the level of erhu performance has entered a period of prosperity. Mr. Liu Tianhua is the ancestor of modernism. He borrowed Western musical instruments’ playing techniques and techniques, boldly and scientifically positioned the erhu into five positions, and invented the erhu stringing, which expanded the range of erhu and enriched the performance. Strength established a new artistic connotation. As a result, the erhu emerged from the folk accompaniment and became a unique solo instrument, which also laid the foundation for the concert halls and music academies to enter Daya Hall in the future.
After the founding of New China, national and folk music developed rapidly. In order to vigorously discover the art treasures of folk artists, the erhu music of Hua Yanjun, Liu Beimao, and other folk artists have been sorted and recorded into records, and the art of erhu performance has sprung up. In the 1950s and 1960s, a group of erhu educators and performers represented by Zhang Rui, Zhang Shao, and Wang Yi emerged successively. Under their influence, new erhu performers Min Huifen and Wang Guotong have been trained. Wait. Just like the “Great Wall Caprice” by the erhu composer Liu Wenjin, etc., the erhu’s performance is super-experienced and deliberately innovated to make the erhu glow with new vitality and splendor.
During the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties, with the development of opera and folk art, folk musical instruments developed their own accompaniment instruments with the rise of “Goulan” and “Washe”. The most important instrument is the horsetail huqin (also known as the Erxianqin) from Mongolia and the Western Regions, which has been merged with the Jiqin and Zheng left by the previous dynasties to create a novel Huqin. This instrument fully marks the maturity of Chinese bowed string instruments.
Later, due to the needs of the local opera singing style, Huqin gradually differentiated, and there appeared Banhu to meet the needs of Qin Opera and Henan Opera, Jinghu and Jing Erhu for Peking Opera and Han Opera, Zhuanhu for Henan Pendant, Gaohu for Guangdong Cantonese Opera, and Coconut for Chaozhou Opera. Hu, the big tube used for Hunan flower drums, the four Hus used for Mongolian rap, the cover plate used for Sichuan opera, the four strings used by Henan Yue, the pillow piano used for Fujian Putian opera, the corbel used for Dong opera, the horse used for Zhuang opera Guqin, the two-string string used in Jin Opera and other bowed instruments. Therefore, the erhu is actually one of the many bowed stringed instruments, and its name is much later than the Huqin.