China’s traditional national musical instruments have a long history. There were musical instruments, such as bells, bells, and drums, which appeared more than 3,000 years ago. By the Zhou Dynasty, there were more than 80 musical instruments. Later, after several dynasties, different ethnic groups created their own unique music and musical instruments, coupled with the introduction of musical instruments from Western countries, the types of traditional Chinese musical instruments increased. After continuous improvement, the current Chinese musical instrument performance methods are divided into four types: percussion, blowing, plucking, and string pulling.
The pipa is the most famous plucked stringed instrument, which has been circulating for more than two thousand years. In more than 300 BC, the lute with a long-necked round speaker appeared in China. The sound of pipa is very beautiful. If you want to listen offline, you can search “pipa music” on youtube and use flvto youtube to mp3 converter to download it. Now, no one is sure where it came from, but all believe it was introduced by ethnic groups from Central Asia or West Asia. In the Ming Dynasty, the pipa was changed into an oval shape, and it has been passed down to modern times. It has four strings. When playing it should be placed diagonally on your feet and your face should be exposed. Press the strings with your left hand and pick the strings with your right hand. The lute has a soft tone and a wide range, which can be played solo or in ensemble. Pipa was also introduced to Japan, Ryukyu, North Korea and Vietnam in ancient times.
The flute is a wind instrument, mostly made of natural bamboo, also known as bamboo flute. The flute was discovered in the Neolithic Age about 8,000 years ago. At that time, people used bird bones to make wind instruments, or bone flutes. More than 4,000 years ago, a lot of bamboo grew in the Yellow River area, so people began to use bamboo to make flutes. During the Qin and Han dynasties, seven-hole bamboo flutes appeared. Before the Han Dynasty, all flutes were vertical flutes. However, in the Han Dynasty, there was a horizontal flute, which was said to have been introduced by the Mongols. There are many types of flutes nowadays, and flutes of different lengths can play many different timbres and ranges. In Chinese music, the flute is almost always used as the main instrument.
The erhu is a kind of stringed instrument and is called the “Chinese violin” in China. It uses the left hand to press the string and the right hand to pull the bow. There are two different legends about the origin of the name of Erhu. One is because the erhu itself has two strings. The other is that the erhu has the second highest pitch among instruments such as the Huqin. It is a musical instrument of the Kucao Xi ethnic group in Central Asia called “Xiqin”. Later, it was introduced to China during the Tang and Song Dynasties and was renamed Erhu, with a history of more than a thousand years. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the erhu was quite popular and became the most important instrument in performance. Erhu’s timbre is rich and close to human voice, so it becomes a unique instrument. It can not only play in ensemble, but also play solo in the world’s advanced concert hall.